Monday, December 31, 2012

The world needs The Islamic Research Foundation

Soon the year will be changed to the new year 2013, there are many people who are used to commemorate every turn of the new year, and even now they are preparing for the celebration of the new year 2013. For Muslims in the world, every turn of the year is the extension of the distance from the birth of the prophet Muhammad. The farther away from the birth of the prophet Muhammad, the more people in the world away from the teachings and Aqeedah carried by him.

There are more and more people who do not know Koran the holy book, there are more people who do not know the hadith, not only non-Muslims but also people who claim to be a Muslim. They know Al-Quran and Hadith but did not understand the meaning, rules, and instructions inside them. They know the mosque and the Kabah but many of them do not perform daily prayers. They know Ramadan but there are many people who do not perform fasting in the month. Why? Who is to blame?

Not all Muslims understand the rules of the life of a Muslim and know their obligations and rights of a Muslim. When examined closely it is still a lot of guidance and knowledge of Islam that is not up to them so that they only worship according to what is said to their parents or those who passed away.

Under these circumstances we need a positive action to establish the Islamic Research Foundation in the world, especially in Muslim countries by using modern technology. Through the Islamic Research Foundation scholars will be able to impart knowledge to people in need. Submission of Islamic knowledge can be through satellite television, radio stations, newspapers, magazines, SMS, and through the Internet by building a website for this purpose such as IRF (Islamic Research Foundation).

Since many people in the world who do not understand Religion Islam, certainly not enough that only one Islamic Research Foundation but still need other Islamic foundations or Islamic organizations for Islamic Dawah. Therefore, Muslims should have the Islamic Satelite Television, Islamic Radio Stations, Islamic Newspaper, Islamic Magazine, and Islamic sites are actually used for jihad in Allah's path.

Ali-Imran 103

And hold fast, all together, by the rope of Allah and be not divided; and remember the favour of Allah which He bestowed upon you when you were enemies and He united your hearts in love, so that by His grace you became as brothers; and you were on the brink of a pit of fire and He saved you from it. Thus does Allah explain to you His commandments that you may be guided. [Al-Qur'an 3:104]

In addition it is necessary to righteous scholars are qualified in every country, especially in Muslim countries so that transmission of the content of Al-Quran and Hadith easier to understand because it uses language that is understood each country. To realize such lofty goals would require quite a bit of money, so it needs people who want to wage jihad in Allah's way by donating and spend most of their possessions.

I urge all Muslim brothers to wake up and take action for jihad in Allah's path together with the form of a Islamic Research Foundation or Islamic Education Center as an IRF that had been set up in Mumbai, India. If not let us support the existence of the Islamic Research Foundation that was established in February 1991, led by Dr. Zakir Naik (President).

Hopefully Dr. Zakir Naik, Ahmed Deedat, A. Raheem Green and other scholars there still exist and are able to manage Islamic Research Foundation (IRF) as facilities for imparting knowledge Dawah of Islam around the world to either the Muslims or non-Muslims. Amen.

Sunday, December 30, 2012

New Year 2013 Celebration

It was very fast we are at the end of 2012, this suggests that reduced time of our lives and remind us the approach of death. It is strange when there are some people who actually have fun with a spending spree in the new year including the new year 2013. Things like that is fine but do not forget our duty as human beings and forget about the coming death and the Day of Judgement. As Muslims, we are forbidden to make these activities into a special worship that should be done every year.

On the other hand, the new year celebration is never exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad and his companions. In fact, it is precisely the custom made ​​by the people who disbelieve. God l have mentioned about them in His Word:

"And they (the disbelievers) are proud of the life of his world, but it is not the life of the world (compared with) the Hereafter, except just happiness (a little)."

Verses like that much was mentioned in the Qur'an that remind us not to follow the morals of the disbelievers who boast the world. This is due to boast the world will drag the culprit in pride and forget the death and forget the Hereafter. Therefore, to avoid the things that can forget Allah, the Muslims shall leave them in the habit of celebrating the new year, including new year 2013 celebration, because the event is not included the teachings of Islam.

The positive thing that should be done by a Muslim at the end of this year is trying to introspection and repentance to God for all the mistakes that have been made, and to ask his forgiveness. Besides, asking His help to be committed and continue to grow and increase science and charity. A Muslim is obliged to try to make the coming day is always better than the previous one, so that his life would be better than his death.

Time is something that is very valuable to a Muslim, even more valuable than the treasures of the world has. Because if the property is lost, it is still able to look for, but the elapsed time may not be repeated again. So that nothing is left of the time that has passed except what has been recorded by the angels. It was very loss for people who do not utilize the time especially when filled with disobedience to his Lord. Although they live in self-sufficient, but what's a case ends with receiving torment of hell fire. Allah said:

"What! do they seek to hasten Our punishment?;What thinkest thou? If We let them enjoy the good things of this world for years;Then there comes to them that with which they are threatened."

It is not prescribed for Muslims to pray a special prayer is known by most people in terms of prayer beginning of the year and prayer the end of the year. Since this is never exemplified by the Prophet Muhammad and his companions. So it should not be for us to practice it. For we must remember that the best clue is a clue our Prophet Muhammad PBUH.

Brothers and sisters,
Praise be to Allah who created everything and set the terms for all His creatures. He is the one who control and manage all of nature. May prayers and peace be always devoted to Rasulullah SAW, his family, his friends and those who follow him until the end of time.

Let us always fear Allah whenever and wherever we are. Because with piety we will get His help to cope with the various problems and difficulties. Let us continue to reflect on how quickly time goes on, and take a lesson from the events we are witnessing.

Finally, I hope God will make the coming year and the following years to be a year full of security and well-being. Hopefully both the Muslim community and the leaders will be eased to understand the Qur'an and Sunnah and be able to practice them correctly.

Saturday, December 29, 2012

Islamic Banking

There are so many banks that have been established under Sharia Islamic religion around the world. Islamic banking (or participant banking) (Arabic: المصرفية الإسلامية‎) is banking or banking activity that is consistent with the principles of sharia law and its practical application through the development of Islamic economics. Sharia prohibits the fixed or floating payment or acceptance of specific interest or fees (known as riba, or usury) for loans of money. Investing in businesses that provide goods or services considered contrary to Islamic principles is also haraam ("sinful and prohibited"). Although these principles have been applied in varying degrees by historical Islamic economies due to lack of Islamic practice, only in the late 20th century were a number of Islamic banks formed to apply these principles to private or semi-private commercial institutions within the Muslim community. (Wikipedia)

In principle, the Islamic banking aims to avoid the way of money transfer that are not transparent expected to harm either party one day. Besides, there are some Islamic scholars which forbid bank interest earned based on the percentage of interest which have been determined. In this case if the interest obtained through investments in deposits by customers solely to get only bank interest. This interest is not derived from profit sharing between the bank and the customer itself. However, some Islamic scholars justify (allow) the bank interest earned customer if the customers only intended to save their money for security and not for the interest.

Religion Islam has explained the ways of doing business and mu'amalah based rules that have been described by the Qur'an in general and through the hadith and opinion of qualified Islamic scholars   specifically.

Here are profiles of some Islamic banks that are already operating in several countries:

Islamic Bank Of Britain (IBB) 
K's first FSA (Financial Services Authority) approved Islamic bank established Sept 2004
First standalone Islamic retail bank in the Western world
As the first stand-alone, Sharia compliant, retail bank in the UK to be authorised by the Financial Services Authority we aim to provide a friendly, inclusive and personal service for all our customers.

Emirates Islamic Bank
Launched in 2004, Emirates Islamic Bank was formed to provide the highest standards of Islamic banking services in the UAE. Following the highest standards of Shari'a compliance, set by our Shari'a Board, we offer a broad range of products and services, designed for individuals and small businesses as well as large corporations.

Our commitment to the principles of Shari'a means that we do things differently from the conventional banks in the market. Utilizing Islamic financing methods like Murabaha, Ijarah and Salam, we focus on avoiding uncertainty in our transactions. Our customers are our partners, and we work together to ensure that we deliver the best results for them and for the bank.

Qatar International Islamic Bank (QIIB)
Qatar International Islamic Bank (International Islamic) has come a long way since its establishment as a full-service bank committed to Sharia principles, on January 1, 1991. With 15 branches and offices at convenient locations and some 70 ATMs across Qatar, International Islamic is well-placed to provide a full array of Retail Banking and Corporate Banking services to its growing customer base in addition to the 24 hours Call Center and the internet banking service QIIB Connect.

Alliance Islamic Bank Malaysia Berhad
Alliance Islamic Bank Berhad commenced its Islamic banking business on 1 April after assuming the entire Islamic banking business portfolio of Alliance Bank. Products and services were distributed through the existing ABMB branch network, in addition, 2 Islamic Banking Centres (IBC) were set up in the Capital Square and Ampang Point branches. To date, there are 8 Islamic Banking Centres within the ABMB branch network located in Capital Square, Ampang Point, G Tower, Kota Damansara, Melaka, Kota Kinabalu, Penang and Johor Bahru.

Dubai Islamic Bank Pakistan Ltd.
Dubai Islamic Bank has the unique distinction of being the world’s first Islamic bank, a pioneering institution that has combined the best of traditional Islamic values with the technology and innovation that characterise the best of modern banking.

The Lebanese Islamic Bank (LIB)
The Lebanese Islamic Bank (LIB) is a joint stock company established in early 2005 with a capital of LBP 30 billion. LIB was the first Islamic bank in Lebanon to be licensed by the Central Bank under the law no. 575 dated February 11th 2004. LIB is registered under number 126 on the Central Banks list of Lebanese Banks. LIB headquarters are located at the Liberty Tower Bldg., Roma Street, Hamra, Beirut. LIB principal activities consist of providing banking products and services that are in conformity with Islamic law or Sharia.

The Islamic Research Foundation (IRF)

The Islamic Research Foundation (IRF), which was established in February 1991 in Mumbai, India is a registered non-profit public charitable trust. IRF become the seat of the Islamic da'wah in order to remove the misconceptions about Islam and to enhance the understanding of Islam among Muslims who are less aware.

To carry out activities, IRF uses advanced technology viable so it can be accessed from anywhere and by anyone as through various presentations on international television, cable TV, internet, and print media. Activities that dikaukan The Islamic Research Foundation provides much needed understanding about the truth and excellence of Islamic teachings - based on the glorious Qur'an and authentic Hadith, and follow reason, logic and scientific facts. If we want to gain knowledge and to gain an understanding of Islam through the internet, we are able to access Islamic Research Foundation through

On the site everyone (Muslims and non-Muslims) can easily find important information about the religion of Islam through an article written by a qualified resource persons and through Dawah delivered via video. For some people in the world including Muslims may be somewhat difficult to understand the religion of Islam, and therefore at the Islamic Research Foundation, the reader can compare other religions with Islam based on logical reasoning, theories, and facts. They are Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Zoroastrianism and Atheism.

Through videos and articles written by people who are qualified and really have a grasp of Islam, including the understanding of the Qur'an and Hadith in which Dr. Zaakir Naik, Ahmed Deedat, A. Raheem Green, Fazaga Yasir, Yasir Qadhi, Fariq Up, Hussain Yee, Salem Al Aamry, Saeed Rageah, Assim Alhakeem, Ziaullah Khan, and Yusuf Estes. They all provide an explanation of Islam that is easily understood by logic and facts.

Activities of Islamic Research Foundation

Islamic Research Foundation Ladies' Wing Introduction
The IRF Ladies’ Wing strives exclusively for and amongst the ladies, Alhamdulillah, with activities and programmes for Islamic Da’wah and understanding, as well as practicing and promoting the message of Islam pragmatically. It is backed up by the technology and facilities and services, as feasible for ladies, as those available in the other Islamic Research Foundation departments.

The IRF Ladies' Wing regularly organises seminars, debates, symposia, workshops, group and panel discussions, elocution competitions, quiz competitions, training workshops, Islamic skits, etc.

Ladies' Wing Activities
The IRF Ladies' Wing provides information, literature, reading library facilities and clarifications on issues of Islam and Comparative Religion.

It also manages the Islamic Research Foundation Children's Wing which operates on Saturdays between 4.00 p.m. and 7.00 p.m. during which children are taught Islamic values, etiquettes, manners, Islamic songs, Islamic games, etc.

Children's Wings
The IRF Children’s Wing (handled by the Ladies’ Wing) caters to the specialised needs of inculcating true Islamic ideals and practices in Muslim children, at their level of grasping. Its children’s programmes and learning and playing facilities for children include Islamic based Multimedia CD-ROMs, video and audio DVDs games and books for children.

Islamic Telecast
The IRF's TV talks and interviews, lectures, symposia and other Islamic programmes are telecast on international satellite TV channels to millions of people worldwide daily, in more than 125 countries of the world, including countries in USA, Europe, Africa, Middle East and Asia. In the city of Mumbai alone, Islamic programmes of IRF are relayed through cable TV networks to more than a million homes daily for about two to three hours

Production Studio
The IRF Satellite and Cable TV Production Studio manages the production of Islamic video programmes on Digi-Beta and Betacam formats for distribution to international satellite TV channels, cable TV networks, the IRF DVDs library and the IRF sales outlet.

Its hi-tech equipment include a digital 3CCD multi-camera set-up for Digi-Beta and Betacam recording and two AVID Media Composer non-linear editing systems with multi-cam and on line editing facilities, besides the Digi-Beta and Betacam linear editing systems and other broadcast equipment

Islamic Audio CD's
The IRF has a large collection of Islamic Audio CDs including complete recitations of the Glorious Qur’an by world renowned Qaris. It also has the English translation of the Glorious Qur’an by Abdullah Yusuf Ali. The IRF Islamic Audio CD Library has an exclusive collection for the children.

Islamic Audio DVDs
The IRF stocks a large collection of audio cassettes on Islam and Comparative Religion. These include lectures, T.V. programmes, interviews, documentaries, debates and symposia of renowned Islamic orators like Dr Zakir Naik, Shaikh Ahmed Deedat, Abdur Raheem Green, Yassir Fazaga, Yasir Qadhi, Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips and several others.

Video Library
The IRF stocks the world’s largest collection of more than 5000 titles of video cassettes on Islam and Comparative Religion (4000 in English, 600 in Urdu, 400 in Arabic and 100 in other languages). These includes lectures, T.V. programmes, interviews, documentaries, debates and symposia of renowned Islamic orators like Sheikh Ahmed Deedat, Dr. Zakir Naik, Dr. Israr Ahmed, Dr. Jamal Badawi, Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips and several others. These video cassettes, as well as many of them in the video CDs and DVD, format, are available to the public on free hire.

Research Library
The IRF has free facilities for the public which include computers for doing ‘da’wah’ on the internet and CD-ROMs use, DVD Player TV and Audio systems for viewing DVD and listening to audio DVDs / CD’s. It has a reading area for the reading of books and magazines from the tens thousands of books in English on Islam and Comparative religion, including texts and scriptures of the world's major religions as well as from the thousands of books in Arabic available at the IRF. It is also used as a Multipurpose Room for discussions, viewing the programmes in the auditorium (when it is full) through CCTV, etc.

The IRF handles the free distribution of more than 50 IRF publications on Islam all over India, on request. It dispatches complimentary copies of the Glorious Qur'ân, with Arabic text and English translation, as well as IRF’s  free literature on Islam to schools, colleges, and other institutions, as well as to interested people of other faiths all over India. It also handles other publishing and printing related activities of the IRF.

Islamic programmes, including lectures, talks, elocutions, quizzes, Da’wah training and educational sessions, screening of video programmes, symposia and debates with scholars of other religions, are regularly held in these auditoriums. IRF programmes are organised here every Saturday, Sunday and Monday. Special programmes too are held from time to time on other weekdays.

The IRF also uses this auditorium for holding exhibitions on Islam & Comparative Religion.

This auditorium is equipped with the state-of-the-art audio-video equipment, sound system and regular workshop facilities such as white board, overhead projector and facilities for projecting slides and powerpoint presentations.

The Auditorium is linked by closed circuit T.V. connection with the Ladies' Wing so that sisters can view the programmes live and also ask questions to the speakers. This auditorium is similarly linked to the multi-purpose reading and reference library which accomodates the spill over audience from the auditorium.

Public Talks
Public talks and interactions of international Islamic scholars are organised by the IRF in large auditoriums in India.

Regular symposia and dialogues are held between IRF Da'ees and scholars of other faiths. These help to promote a better understanding of similarities and differences in viewpoints and their relevance in coming to common terms and maintaining a peaceful co-existence.


Tuesday, October 9, 2012

A Moving Leaf

When we travel to a forest, mountain, or a village there are still a lot of trees, of course we will not loose sight of trees, grass, leaves, and other natural phenomena. The following story is a true story witnessed by Ustadz Sharif Suhendar and Saeful Rohman (Master SAE) when traveling to one location in Rancaupas Bandung West Java Indonesia.

They watched a leaf that does not stop moving even though there was no wind. This is different from other leaves that only move when there was a breeze that touches the leaves. The leaf could also be held for a while, but after being released, the leaf is moving back to normal (moving on without stopping).

Although no direct research on this incident but based on modern science, it can certainly be a normal phenomenon just like the theory of aero dynamics. A Muslim may claim that it is (a moving leaf) is one of power and miracles of God, but only within reasonable limits as a form of self-introspection of obedience to Allah. Do not let this incident make calamity by making the leaf as offerings or by performing special worship and prayer around the leaf.

A Muslim must make natural phenomena like that to further examine the science to support, develop, and improve the technology without leaving obedience to God.

Nerves Human Brain

In the human body consists of many organs, each of which has its own function that is needed for mankind to live. Every organ of the body moves and works automatically tirelessly even many organs work outside of human consciousness as when humans sleep. Subhanallah.

A doctor from the United States which has now been converted to Islam was convinced of the truth of the Qur'an that he may make the diagnosis of a disease and its treatment process was much based on the Koran. Among the methods of treatment that he did was to fast, drink honey and black seeds.

The reason he converted to Islam is actually quite simple, but behind the simplicity of it, God has lowered guidance to him through a study he did. When that conduct studies on human nerve, there are some veins in the brain that are not laden blood entered. In fact, every human organ and nerve need at blood to function properly.

He found the answer, that the blood will not enter the human brain but when prostrating, when the man of prayer (Sholat). Nerve blood flow requires only a moment, about the time it takes to pray. Subhanallah.It can be argued that people who do not pray will get blood flow to the nerve is less.

How noble and how great Allah is, god of the universe. He has created man and obliging people (Muslims) to pray and worship God the almighty one through prayer (Sholat).

Thursday, September 27, 2012

Effect of Innocence of Muslims

We know that the film Innocence of Muslims is increasingly popular, not because of the quality of the film but because of the content of the film can be interpreted very insulting Muslims, while the number of Muslims in the world is very much, in fact in every country there must be people who are Muslims.

At first glance, the title of the film is quite good, but it does not match the content of the film obviously has been harassing and insulting prophet Muhammad. The man noblest for Muslims who was commissioned by God to convey Islam through the Quran.

The release of the film greatly affected the lives of every country in the world, especially in Muslim-majority countries. This of course will also affect the non-Muslim countries including will affect the social, economic, and political. Would this be allowed? So that it could damage relations between countries?

We can see through the various media of information that almost in every country there were demonstrations condemning the release of the film Innocence of Muslims. Many U.S. embassy destroyed by those who feel hurt. The majority of them are demanding that the cast and director of the film Innocence of Muslims punished, even among those who demanded the death penalty there.

Events like this should be a lesson for all countries in the world when they will create a product to the public, whatever. They can not be concerned with its own interests but in the era of globalization with the advanced technology they must also consider the interests of other nations that have different cultures and beliefs. Why? The short answer, to create and maintain world peace.

This incident could have been due to the lack of control of the parties in a particular country, or it could be because it is too lax rules are applied, or maybe there is not a rule that addresses this issue. We certainly want peace, and peace will be created by respecting the rights and beliefs of others, rather than destroying it. Hopefully events like this do not happen again. Amen.

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Innocence of Muslims according to the view of Islam

Leader of Iran's Islamic Revolution, Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei said the United States and the West must stand up and admit they were involved in the filming of 'Innocence of Muslims'. According to Khamenei, if it is not involved in the filming of the mematik massive protests in several Muslim countries, the U.S. and the West must be able to prove it.

"They must have the courage to prove if they are not involved in the production of anti-Islam film.'s Not just with words," Khamenei said on Monday (17/9) as quoted by Press TV. (

Indonesian Ulema Council issued a fatwa against the movie The Innocence of Muslims are considered as blasphemy against Islam. However MUI reminds Muslims that film did not respond emotionally, let alone to disturb the public interest. (

Later recognition of the cast of the film Innocence of Muslims, it is known that at first the concept of the film is a genre of drama with the title Desert Warriors. The film itself should tell you about ancient events that happened two thousand years ago.

The cast of the film also felt shocked after writing a script that changed drastically. If at the time of shooting, Muhammad is called by the name of "Master George" and after the controversial film was produced, the voice began to play a role. With the release of the film Innocence of Muslims are attacking Muslims and the Prophet Muhammad made ​​the cast feel have been lied to by sutradra film is none other than Sam Bacile figure. (

Los Angeles - An actress who appeared in the movie trailer anti-Islam filmmaker sued for alleged fraud and slander. He also asked the judge to order YouTube remove the film.

Cindy Lee Garcia filed a lawsuit in Los Angeles court. He admitted that he cheated by Nakoula Basseley Nakoula, the man behind the Innocence of Muslims. He did not realize there was an anti-Islamic content in the film, showing the pages of a movie script he received did not mention the Prophet Muhammad, religion, or sexual content. (

From some of the above articles which quoted from several sources can be concluded that the Muslims in the world are very upset and felt humiliated by the movie "Innocence of Muslims". Of course, since the content of the film is extremely insulting the prophet Muhammad as a messenger of God. If the film is not depict the prophet Muhammad, Muslims may not be angry like this. People from any religious would be also offended and would be angry if they witness an insult to their prophet through the film.

Islam prohibits physical of prophet muhammad shown in the film though in a good way, but when examined physical figure of the prophet muhammad is the most easily shown or portrayed as evidence that describes the physical state and his morals.

A police officer who identifies the face of a terrorist can easily sketch their faces just hearing the explanation of the eyewitness. Of course they certainly will easily sketch Muhammad face. Then why Islam forbade?

If we read one verse in the Qur'an (Albaqarah) that reported the people of the Prophet Moses had once worshiped the calf when abandoned temporarily by the prophet Moses. They become the people who are disobedient. It can also occur to the Muslims if the physical form of prophet Muhammad made ​​through film, painting, or sculpture. It's not impossible many human beings will worship the image of Muhammad. Though human beings are commanded to imitate the noble spirit by running a religious order who brought the Prophet Muhammad and not to worship the image of the prophet Muhammad.

Never mind the statues of prophet Muhammad, the Kaaba was to be worshiped by some Muslims who do not understand the true of Islam. Muslims are forbidden to worship the Kaaba or other objects, humans are commanded to bow down and worship the one God almighty, creator of heaven and earth.

Imagine if Muslims allow them to make a statue of Muhammad and make movies like Innocence of Muslims? It's not impossible the people will be made ​​other objects of the prophet Muhammad as the prophet Muhammad stickers, paintings of prophet Muhammad, cartoons of prophet Muhammad which later can lead to contempt and ridicule of Muslims.That is one reason that we should not make physical forms of prophet Muhammad.

Who is the prophet Muhammad?

Prophet Muhammad was a man sent from God as a Prophet who brought grace and guidance to mankind. Prophet Muhammad is derived from the tribe of Quraish, precisely Hashim descent. His father was Abdullah bin Abdul Muttalib, the grandson of Hashim. His mother is Aminah bint Wahb derived from the descendants of Bani Venus, one of the tribes of Quraish.

The Prophet Muhammad is the noblest in the world, he is very obedient worship and always give examples of good deeds for humanity. All his actions are always protected by God so that is always preserved from bad deeds.

Muhammad is the last prophet and messenger who brought the Qur'an as a torch and a hint of human life that contains wisdom, history, worship, and law. Anyone who is obedient to Allah and to live up to the example of Muhammad, then he will not grief and sorrow, and his life will be safe in this world and in the hereafter.

In essence, Muhammad also was a man who had a habit and feeling like a human being, such as hunger, thirst, and drowsiness. During his lifetime he never lied and cheated, even against enemies though. That is why he is the most precious in the world.

Al Quran was revealed to the prophet Muhammad but Muhammad is not the author and the of the Qur'an. Prophet Muhammad is a umi that can not read and write. Does it make sense if the Qur'an is his creation? Is the situation such that he could put together word by word meaning can be outside, and set up a law without the need to learn?

Annisa 83

Will they not, then, meditate upon the Qur’an? Had it been from anyone other than Allah, they would surely have found therein much disagreement. (Quran Sura Annisa:83)

Terrorists in Indonesia

Lately, a lot happens terror bombings in Indonesia caused by terrorists who consider themselves Muslims but this does not mean that Indonesia is a country of terrorists. The Indonesian government continues to combat acts of terror perpetrated by the terrorists. Indonesia Muslims hate terrorist acts committed in the name of jihad. The suicide bombers and terror in Indonesia is carried out by people who are not responsible and the name of Islam as an act of jihad.

Terrorism in Indonesia is an Indonesian terrorism carried out by Jemaah Islamiyah militant group associated with al-Qaeda or militant groups that use the same ideology with them. Since 2002, several "target Western countries" have been attacked. Casualties were Western tourists as well as residents of Indonesia. Terrorism in Indonesia began in 2000 with the bombing Jakarta Stock Exchange, followed by four other major attacks, the most deadly was the 2002 Bali bombings. (Wikipedia)

Long before 11 September that Indonesia has suffered a series of terrorist attacks as terrorist acts that occurred from 2000-2001. It entered a series of explosions in the seven major cities that targeted churches on Christmas Day 2000 and some of the common areas (such as shopping centers and squares, and buildings Jakarta Stock Exchange). There are many victims, though not the same number in the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Actually the terrorists in Indonesia are the people who want to destroy Indonesia, they deliberately pose as Muslims to cause defamation against Muslims in Indonesia. They live normal and ethically so as not to arouse suspicion surrounding communities. They were only discovered after a suicide bombing carried out as an act of jihad.

The Indonesian government itself has several times foiled their plans and arrested the people involved in terror as evidence that Indonesia is not silent and Indonesia also hate terrorists. The world should know that!

Monday, September 24, 2012

Jihad in Islam

Jihad is one of the most important Islamic syi'ar and is the pinnacle of glory. Position jihad in the religion is very important and is always maintained. Jihad fii sabiilillaah remain until the Day of Resurrection.

Once the popularity of jihad in the world to the extent that many people misunderstand jihad. They regard jihad with war, but jihad in Islam is not synonymous with war especially with mischief. Islam does not hate the non-Muslims, but why do so many people consider those who commit terror is mujahhid (the jihad). It is a wrong assumption.

The term "Jihad" is also used to fight against the passions, Shaytan, and people who fasiq (those who do evil and terror). The way fight lust is to learn Islam (learn properly), and then practice it and then teach it. The jihad against Shaytan to reject all forms of doubtful and lust are always decorated by Shaytan. Jihad against the infidel by hand, treasure, oral, and liver. The jihad against the people fasiq by hand, oral and heart.

Jihad means to struggle in earnest in the way of Allah with all the capabilities of both the treasure, soul, spoken, like any other. Jihad is primarily intended for the defense of the oppressed.

Annisa 75

And what is the matter with you that you fight not in the cause of Allah and of the weak — men, women and children — who say, ‘Our Lord, take us out of this town, whose people are oppressors, and make for us some friend from Thyself, and make for us from Thyself some helper?’ (Quran 4:76)

Historically, Islam never teaches enmity and destruction. Islam only defend themselves if the oppressed and persecuted. So if there are people who deliberately bombed churches, synagogues, mosques (whether Sunni or Shia), they would not believe and practice the Word of God above. Imagine if all the reciprocal destroyed the houses of worship of the other, how we all can worship in peace?

Jihad is a commandment of God in the Qur'an to uphold the rights and defeat falsehood. To protect people, the oppressed from those who oppress zhalim / slaughter.

Terrorism can not be categorized as a Jihad; Jihad in the form of war must be clear which parties were involved in the war, like the war of the Prophet Muhammad who represents Makkah and Madinah against its allies. The reason for the war was mainly triggered by the tyranny of the Quraysh who violate the right to life of the Muslims who were in Makkah (including seizure of property and the expulsion of the Muslims).

War in the name of Islam, but not enforcement follow Sunnah can not be called Jihad. Sunnah to enforce Islam begins preaching nonviolence!, Not in the form of terrorism, move to a safe area and receive missionary apostle, then actualize the Islamic community (Ummah), which aims to uphold God's power on earth. (Wikipedia)

Terrorism in view of Islam

According to the language, terrorism is the use of violence to instill fear, in an attempt to achieve a goal (especially political objectives), while the terrorist is a person who uses violence to create fear (usually for political purposes).

Islam is a religion which Allah approves, as a guide for mankind in achieving happiness in the world we are living now, and happiness in the life hereafter.

Allah has sent Prophet Muhammad with the religion of Islam to mankind as a mercy, and it is a great pleasure for humans not to bring destruction and disaster. Allah says:

Alanbiya 107

And We have sent thee not but as a mercy for all peoples. (Quran Sura Al-Anbiya:108)

From this verse, we can conclude that Islam is not a religion but aimed at undermining Islam is a good religion for all men according to the noble attitude of the Prophet Muhammad.

If someone claiming Muslims do terror and mischief that harms others, it does not mean Islam religion of terror but the people that have committed terror, and Islam itself hates terror even the person should be punished.

If many criminals come from diverse Muslim-majority nation, we can not claim that in Islam a lot of criminals. Because it can also occur in the predominantly Christian or Buddhist, which of course criminals from the country will be mostly Christian or Buddhist.

Inappropriate they call infidels against brother and his own family. If your (non-Muslims) claim these people as terrorists, Islam also considers them as terrorists, so Islam is not synonymous with terrorists.

Islam is a sacred religion of peace and love. In the teachings of Islam act of terrorism itself prohibited even threatened with a painful punishment for the perpetrators.

If there are Muslims who commit terror and to do a variety of damage that harms others, these people do not actually understand the true teachings of Islam. They are still terrorists even utter the phrase Allahu Akbar and claiming to represent Islam.

Sunday, August 26, 2012

Zam-zam, Holy Water in Mecca

For the Muslims Zam-zam water is already very familiar. This water has so many virtues. Prophet Muhammad has described the water utility. He said, "The best water on earth is the Zam-zam, at which there is a glut of food and antidote to the disease." (see Saheeh wa Targhib Tarheeb, Shaykh al-Albani, 2/18). What is the secret behind the holy water has many benefits and full of blessings?

Many people have the privilege of documenting water that only in the holy land of Mecca. However, not many know about the other features in addition to the story relating to the discharge of water when Siti Hajar greatly in need of water.

At that time the Prophet Ibrahim, who had departed to the land of Sham at God's command was forced to leave his wife Hajar and their baby Ishmael in a barren valley of Mecca. A bag of dates and water left for them both out after 2 days. When feeling thirsty and crying baby Ishmael, Hagar confused.

Run beat Siti Shafa hill looking across the water and returned to Mount Marwah. But the water was looking neither found. But in the seventh round after a back and forth Safa and Marwah, Siti Hajar slumped beside her baby. Suddenly the ground seat Ismail who was crying robust stamped his feet as he came out of water. The mother who was shocked spontaneously exclaimed, "Zummi, zummi" (gathering, gathering). From this story comes the word of zam-zam.

Center zam-zam water wells are located in Desert Saudi Arabia and by satellite photographs apparently connected with the Red Sea were united into a single point at the bottom of the Kaaba. Zam-zam water has a lot of properties and has many mysteries. There was not many know how to zam-zam well could spend tens of millions of liters in one pilgrimage season, without ever even once dried.

Zam-Zam word in Arabic means a lot or overflow (Ibn al-Athir, 5/605, 2/779; al Mutli `'ala Abwabul-Fiqh, Abu Fath al Ba'li, page 200; Dictionary Al Munawir, 583) . The water of Zam-Zam is meant by the Shari'ah, the water from the well of Zam-Zam. It is the Kaaba, within about 38 feet.

Another name of Zam-Zam water include Barrah (goodness), madhmunah (valuable), taktumu (hidden), hazmah Gabriel (Jibril excavation), syifa `suqim (medicine), tha'amu tu'im (food ), syarabul abrar (drink the good people), tayyibah (which is good).

How much Zam-zam water that drained every pilgrimage season? Let us count the simple. Pilgrims who come from all over the world on every pilgrimage season today numbering about two million people. All the pilgrims were given five liters of zam-zam water when they got their home later to their homeland. If two million people take each five liters of zam-zam to his country, that is 10 million liters. Besides, while in Mecca, if only pilgrims stayed an average of 25 days, and each person spent 1 liter a day, the total was 50 million liters. This is just an illustration, how amazing is this Zam-zam water for human consumption, without ever dry. This is just one of the miracle of Zam-zam. Subhaanallah.

Masaru Emoto
Dr. Masaru Emoto explained that the water is able to record a message, such as magnetic tape or compact disc. The stronger the concentration of its message, the more the message printed on the water. Water can transfer the message via a water molecule to another.

Perhaps these findings could explain why water that has been prayed can heal the sick. First we consider musyrik, or at least we think is just a suggestion, but it turns out that water molecules capture messages of healing prayer, save it, and then the vibration propagates to other water molecules in the body of the patient.

The human body contains 75% of water, brain 74.5% of water, blood 82% of water, and hard bone also contains 22% of water. Gallons of water at home can be every day prayed to God with humility, so that children who drink pious, healthy, and smart, and the husband who drank remained loyal. Water was going to proceed forward in the body of a message to the water in the brain and blood vessels. With God's permission, the message body will be carried out without our knowing. When the drinking water in a city seriously prayed for piety, God willing, all the people who drink it will be good.

At a hotel in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Dr. Masaru Emoto from Yokohama University, Japan, presented the results of his research on water he wrote in the book "The True Power of Water." Some slides crystal water molecules from different sources, such as water from a spring, river, ocean, lake, etc. screened on the occasion.

Some of the water molecules form irregular examined, except zam-zam water molecules. The composition of zam-zam water molecules possessing very beautiful, orderly, beautiful like a sparkling diamond, and emit more than 12 colors if frozen.

Below is a picture of the molecule or crystal Zam-zam water, the series of hexagonal shape is very beautiful, sparkling bright and colorful when recited the noble verse.

Zam-zam Water


Saturday, August 25, 2012

Flying Dome, Is it a Miracle?

Flying DomeWe know that God is the creator of the whole universe, the giver of life, and ruler of all nature (the natural world and the supernatural). But this does not mean that all functions in the wonders of the world only because of God that makes the magic firsthand (though God is able to do it all), but sometimes it is people who make things like that to be considered a miracle of Islam with the goal-specific purpose, often misleading the Muslim faith itself. Why?

Try to write the phrase "Miracle of Islam" or "Miracle of God" in any search engines, you will definitely find a lot of the themes that discuss issues that include pictures, photos, videos. You can also go to youtube and write and look for the theme. There you will find a lot of videos about the Miracle of Islam and Miracle of Allah. 'As a Muslim, you try to think and observe the stuff, whether it is an engineering marvel or a human.

Through this short post I just wanted to share information about the lies that were associated with the "Miracle of Islam" or "Miracle of the Quran". Not all the stuff you've found are miracle that God created directly as a warning to humans or to show the wonders and power of God, but just a normal phenomenon which is considered as a great miracle.

You may notice one of the videos on youtube about "Flying Dome". Many people believe that it is a miracle that God directly created when it was all a lie that Muslims increasingly complacent. These are not means I do not believe in the power of
God and the truth of the Qur'an (Na'udzubillahi min dzalik) but rather to prudence. Do not let common sense be fooled by a special object regarded as a miracle of Islam.

It is a video recorded in one of the regions in Indonesia when it will put a mosque dome. They are used to utter the phrase "La ilaha illallah" when will raise the dome in place. Some time later this viseo distributed and claimed to be a miracle (not by the maker of the recording) but by others who do not know what exactly happened at that time.

I'm sure you must be familiar with the world-class magician David Covervil that can fly above the earth, but this is a trick where the straps would not look at a particular viewing position with a certain light conditions. That is a trick used when the magician world action fly in the sky. Don't you believe it?

One again, it is not means I do not believe in the power of God and the truth of the Qur'an (Na'udzubillahi min dzalik) but in the video I do not agree that the dome of the mosque was flying when it was pulled by a rope at the time of installation.

Of course it's up to you, believe it or not. I just want to remind that in the Qur'an Allah repeatedly tells us to think and have to seek knowledge. You are all my brothers so please correct me if I was wrong.

Monday, August 20, 2012

Eid Greeting Card

Eid Greeting Card

On this post I congratulate Eid 2012/1433 to all Muslims in the world, hopefully all the activities in the month of Ramadan to be acts of worship to God as the creator of the universe. Amin.

In some countries Eid greeting has become a habit that is often spoken to fellow Muslims. Happy Eid forms are not always in words or sayings that are sent directly to other Muslims, but they can be in the form of gifts, Greeting Cards Eid al-Fitr, or text messages on your smartphone and email.

For friends of Muslims who intend to send Eid greetings over the internet can use one of the sites below that provide Eid greetings for free. The electronics greeting cards are accompanied by animated pictures and sounds. The data on the Eid greeting cards can be adapted to the purposes for example the sender's name and the name of the recipient.
Copy-paste the URL above into your browser to visit the sites.

Eid Mubarak 2012

Eid Mubarak 2012

Muslims around the world welcome the day of Eid victory (Eid al-Fitr) with joy after carrying out a full month of religious fasting in the holy month of Ramadan as a Muslim duty. In the month Muslims are trained to work hard to practice their religion sincerely. Not only learning of hunger and thirst, but also trained to always control their emotions.

Muslims who had reached the point of victory in the month of Shawwal (Eid al-Fitr) are that they are capable of implementing positive habits as well as in the month of Ramadan as the fourth pillar of Islam to be applied to other months. Such as performing prayers at night, reading the Qur'an and dhikr expect ridlo and forgiveness of God.

Fasting (Shaum) in Islam has rules adapted to human nature and does not intend to trouble or torment humans. Muslims are required to fast before dawn meal (eat in the morning) before the Fajr prayer, and they have to break the fast at Maghrib prayer. Muslims are forbidden to fast without break (no food or drink).

Before the Eid prayer, Muslims are required to issue a tithe (Zakat Fitrah) to be distributed to the poor in order to help others and to clean up property owned before God someday.

May this Eid 2012 make us clean from all sins and mistakes we have done in the past. May God always gives the right and forgive our sins. Amin.

Friday, August 17, 2012

Understanding Ramadhan

In the Holy Qur'an, Ramadhan described in Albaqarah: 185:

"Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur´an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting, but if any one is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful"

In this holy month of Ramadan all Muslims in the world will perform a special prayer that is eagerly awaited in their lives. Muslims will conduct a month-long fasting and in the evening will be filled with other devotions such as reading and listenning the Qur'an and tarawih prayer or evening prayer (evening shalat).

One special thing that is expected by Muslims in Ramadlan is a special night is Laylat qodar. If the Muslims worship on the night of Laylat Al qodar right, then he will receive goodness and reward equal to a thousand months or equal to 82 years of his life. This is described in the Quran Sura Alqodr:
  1. We have indeed revealed this (Message) in the Night of Power:
  2. And what will explain to thee what the night of power is?
  3. The Night of Power is better than a thousand months.
  4. Therein come down the angels and the Spirit by Allah´s permission, on every errand:
  5. Peace!...This until the rise of morn!
Those who perform fasting in the month of Ramadan will have two pleasures is when breaking at the time of Maghrib (evening) and when meeting with God one day. There are so many virtues that can be achieved by a Muslim in this holy month, even many of those who missed this month with great expectations and they were reluctant to leave the month.

May this Ramadan we all be blessed and forgiveness of God. Amin.

Online Quran Translation

Quran Translate
Al Quran is the Muslim holy book, it is important not only for Muslims but also very important to understand by all people in the world. Why? One of them now so that people do not regard Islam as a terosis, because Islam is not terrorism, Islam is not synonymous with war. Islam is a religion full of peace.

You are certainly right mind would not conclude a problem without knowing exactly what the problems faced by researching the issue. So it is with Islam, to understand Islam you have to know what Islam is. One of the easiest methods to understand Islam is to know the history of Islam and understand the contents of the Quran.

How can understand the Quran if you do not know the translation of the Qur'an itself, because the Koran (Quran) written in Arabic. Now, with advances in science and technology information can be compiled the Qur'an in a file or software that can be easily translated into various languages ​​in the world. Below are some Islamic sites that provide Online Translation Quran:
  1. The Glorious Qur'an 
  2. Qur'an
  3. Qur'an Explorer
  4. The Noble Qur'an
  5. Al-Islam
  6. Tanzil
  7. Dar-Us-Salam Publication
  8. English Translation of Al-Quran
  10. Al-Jannah

Wednesday, January 4, 2012

Five Pillars of Islam

Five Pillars
Photo credit:
Islam is the revelation of God, the religion of the prophets and apostles, guidelines for human life. Islam means submission. Subject to abide by the rules of God. Surrendered on sunnatullah. The entire universe has been Islam since the first. Well, have we Muslims?

Why are they seeking a religion other than Islam, although the entire universe has been Islam since the first? Perhaps we are familiar with Newton's Laws. Newton's law is not law belongs to the Newton, but Newton discovered the Law of God. Because the apple before Newton was born it would fall down.

So is it other than the religion of Allah they desire, while to Him have submitted (all) those within the heavens and earth, willingly or by compulsion, and to Him they will be returned? (QS. Ali Imran: 83)
Islam is built on five principles, namely Five Pillars of Islam. Like a house, Five Pillars of Islam is the poles or a support person's Islamic buildings. There are laws that govern all aspects of human life.

"Verily Islam is built on five cases: in fact bear witness there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger, establish prayer and pay the obligatory alms, pilgrimage to the House and fasting in Ramadan" (Bukhari, Muslim). For anyone who has been working on the five pillars of Islam, not to mean that he has totally entered into Islam. He has built the foundation for other deeds.

Five Pillars of Islam is the training for the Muslims towards the pleasure of Allah. The Five Pillars of Islam are the framework of the Muslim life. They are the testimony of faith, prayer, giving zakat (support of the needy), fasting during the month of Ramadan, and the pilgrimage to Makkah once in a lifetime for those who are able.

1. The Testimony of Faith (Syahadat)
The testimony of faith is saying with conviction, "La ilaha illa Allah, Muhammadur rasoolu Allah." This saying means "There is no true god (deity) but God (Allah),1 and Muhammad is the Messenger (Prophet) of God." It is the agreement between a Muslim with Allah (Quran Sura 7:172) A person who has declared La ilaha ilallaah means have been ready to fight (fight) against all forms of god beyond God in his life (Qura Sura 29:2).

Quran Sura Alaraf :172
And [mention] when your Lord took from the children of Adam - from their loins - their descendants and made them testify of themselves, [saying to them], "Am I not your Lord?" They said, "Yes, we have testified." (This) - lest you should say on the day of Resurrection, "Indeed, we were of this unaware." (QS. Al-Araf:172)
Quran Sura Al-Ankabut:2
Do the people think that they will be left to say, "We believe" and they will not be tried? (QS. Al-Ankabut:2)

2. Prayer (Shalat)
Prayer is the training: as an exercise for every Muslim in his life in order to prostrate (worship) to Allah (Quran Sura Al-An'am:162). Muslims perform five prayers a day. Each prayer does not take more than a few minutes to perform. Prayer in Islam is a direct link between the worshipper and God. There are no intermediaries between God and the worshipper.

Quran Sura Al-Anam:162
Say, "Indeed, my prayer, my rites of sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allah, Lord of the worlds.

3. Giving Zakat (Support of the Needy)
Zakat is training as an exercise for his wealth, because every property of a Muslim is God's. (Quran Sura Al-Hadid:7). "You take the zakat from the rich and you return it to those poor people" (HR Mutafaqun 'alahi). A person may also give as much as he or she pleases as voluntary alms or charity.

Quran Sura AL-Hadid:7
Believe in Allah and His Messenger and spend out of that in which He has made you successors. For those who have believed among you and spent, there will be a great reward. (Quran Sura Al-Hadid:7)

4. Shaum (Fasting the Month of Ramadan)
Shaum is training, that as an exercise in physical control habits, ie eating and drinking and spiritual, that is lust (2:185). Although the fast is beneficial to health, it is regarded principally as a method of spiritual self-purification.

The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur'an, a guidance for the people and clear proofs of guidance and criterion. So whoever sights [the new moon of] the month, let him fast it; and whoever is ill or on a journey - then an equal number of other days. Allah intends for you ease and does not intend for you hardship and [wants] for you to complete the period and to glorify Allah for that [to] which He has guided you; and perhaps you will be grateful.(Quran Sura Al-Baqarah:185)

5. Hajj (The Pilgrimage to Makkah)
Hajj is training as an exercise in sacrifice life and property in the way of Allah, the practice of unity and equality with his fellow men. (Qs. 22:27-28). The annual pilgrimage (Hajj) to Makkah is an obligation once in a lifetime for those who are physically and financially able to perform it. About two million people go to Makkah each year from every corner of the globe.

Quran Sura Al-Hajj:27
And proclaim to the people the Hajj (pilgrimage); they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass (Quran Sura Al-Hajj :27)

Quran Sura Al-Hajj:28
That they may witness benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allah on known days over what He has provided for them of [sacrificial] animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor. (Quran Sura Al-Hajj:28)

Paket BP Nurul Fikri, Al-Islam - Sa’id Hawwa, Al-Islam via Materi Tarbiyah

Sunday, January 1, 2012

Arabic Online Courses

Online Arabic Course
Al-Quran is the word of Allah revealed to Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) through the angel Gabriel to guide the Muslim life. The Holy Qur'an was sent down in mutawatir and read it is worship. Truth of the Qur'an is absolute and can not be denied and modified by anybody because God watches over the purity of the Qur'an as one of the miracles.

No one in the world can match the content of the Quran even though scientists. Most of the contents of the Qur'an explains the new science that it can be verified recently through modern technology.


Indeed, it is We who sent down the Qur'an and indeed, We will be its guardian. (Quran Sura Al-Hijr : 9)

Language and writing of the Qur'an is Arabic. Many people are able to memorize the Quran in the original language (Arabic) but less able to memorize the translation. One requirement to understand the contents of the Qur'an is by mastering and understanding the Arabic language used in the Quran.

There are many Arabic language schools and Arabic online courses where we can find on the internet. Through an Arabic online courses wherever a Muslim who does not understand the Arabic language can learn it without having to go to the Arabic language course (offline).

Although the language of the Qur'an is the Arabic language, but to understand it is not enough just to translate into the language of each country. It takes some knowledge of other investigations such as Arabic grammar used in the Quran, the history and origin of the decline verse, and its relationship with other verses or other authentic information.

That is one function arabic online courses that can be utilized to understand the correct Arabic grammar in order to avoid misinterpretation. Here are some arabic online courses that provide facilities like an online college, or a virtual university. You may try to learn Arabic in one online education of them.

  1. Madinah Arabic (Open The Portal to Learning Arabic)
  2. Alif Arabic (Online Arabic Classes)
  3. Arabic Academy (The fastest way learn Arabic, Learn Arabic Online)
  4. Shariah Program (Keeper of Classical Arabic)
  5. (Free online Arabic course)
  6. E.Aalim Institute (Arabic Language and Islamic Courses)
  7. Gulf Arabic ( Arabic Online Course - Learn Arabic as spoken in the Gulf)
  8. (Distance Learning: Arabic Language Courses)
  9. (a complete online syllabus for anyone who wants to learn Arabic)
  10. Natural Arabic ( learning Arabic as natural a process as possible - by immersing you in the language from day one)

Quran Sura Yusup-2
Indeed, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur'an that you might understand. (Quran Sura Yusup :2)

"That is (that the Qur'an was revealed in Arabic) because Arabic is the language most eloquent, clear, spacious and more pervasive meaning longer suitable for the human soul. Therefore, the most glorious book (ie Qur'an) sent down to the most glorious Apostles (ie the Prophet shallallahu'alaihi wa sallam) with the most glorious language (ie Arabic), through the intermediary of the most glorious angel (ie the angel Gabriel), plus even this book down on the plains of the most glorious in the earth (ie Arab lands), and early fall even in the most noble (ie Ramadan), so that the Qur'an to be perfect from all sides. "(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Tafsir Surat Yusuf)